Mr. King Digging Hole fish trap
Aquaculture is a general term for the resources, the material gives people from the water environment and human exploitation, aquaculture harvest used for food, raw materials or sold in the market. In all kinds of seafood, the most common is fishing, aquaculture and fish exploitation. Some species are herring, cod, anchovy, tuna, halibut, mullet, shrimp, salmon, oysters and scallops higher extraction yield. In fisheries that are related to fishing or fish naturally through fish farming. Aquaculture has directly or indirectly a major impact on the lives of over 500 million people in developing countries depend on fisheries and aquaculture.
According to FAO, the aquaculture is the farming of aquatic organisms in fresh water and brackish environment / salt, including the application of technology in the process of breeding to improve productivity owned by individuals or collectives . Among them, the fishery resources is of biological resources in natural waters, there is economic value, scientific development of fisheries, conservation and development of fisheries resources. Nearly 90% of the world’s fisheries are harvested from the seas and oceans, compared with yields obtained from inland waters.
Fisheries activities is the conduct of mining, aquaculture, aquatic transport operators; preservation, processing, sale, export and import of seafood; services in fisheries activities, investigation, protection and development of aquatic resources. Fishing operations is the exploitation of fisheries resources in the sea, rivers, lakes, lagoons and other natural waters. Overfishing, including the taking of fish exceeds sustainable levels, reducing fish stocks and jobs in many parts of the world.
Land for aquaculture is inland water surfaces, including ponds, lakes, lagoons, rivers and canals; coastal water surface; alluvial soil and coastal areas; sandy beaches, coastal dunes; land used for the farm economy; Non-agricultural land with surface water allocated or leased for aquaculture. Most fisheries are wild animals and plants, but aquaculture is growing. Farming can be done in the immediate coastal areas, such as oyster farms, but this is still often cultivated in inland waters, in lakes, ponds, reservoirs and other forms.